Animals and Habitats

Queensland is the most biodiverse state of Australia, with 70% of Australia’s mammal species, 80% of birds and 50% of reptiles, and frogs and plant species. Such a diversity of animals exists because Queensland has a broad range of environmental conditions—from arid deserts to wet tropics rainforests—that produce unique habitats or places for these animals to live. 

To survive, animals have adapted to these diverse habitats. As these habitats change, animals either need to adapt to these changes or move to a more suitable habitat (if one exists), otherwise they will die and potentially the species becomes extinct.

These habitats are shaped by a number of forces, with the availability and movement of water being the pivotal force.

The Wild State exhibition is broadly divided into five types of habitats:

  • Arid Outback
  • Open Forest
  • Rainforest
  • Coastal and intertidal
  • Marine


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