Carpet Snake or Carpet Python
Head of Carpet Python, Morelia spilota, showing heat sensitive pits along jaw-line and forked tongue.
Carpet snakes are extremely variable in colour and pattern. Most specimens are olive green, with pale, dark-edged blotches, stripes or cross-bands. The juveniles are similarly patterned, but often in shades of brown rather than olive green. A row of deep pits can be seen along the lower jaw and many small scales are present on the top of the head. This species can grow to more than 3 m in length. Midbody scale rows 40–65; ventrals 240–310, narrow; anal single; subcaudals divided 60–95.
This species is widespread and found throughout northern, eastern and southern Australia.
Lives in open forests, rainforests, coastal heaths, rural lands, park lands and suburban gardens.
This snake is active both day and night and can be encountered on the ground, in trees or buildings (particularly chicken pens, barns and attics).
This species is non-venomous, but tetanus protection is recommended following bites.
Feeds on frogs, lizards, birds, mammals. Cane Toads are sometime taken as prey with fatal consequences for the snake.
10–47 eggs are laid in early summer. The eggs are concealed in a sheltered site (beneath building materials, between hay bales, hollow stump or a depression in ground) and are incubated by the female who will `shiver' to generate heat. The female leaves the nest to bask in the morning sun and returns to her eggs in a pre-heated condition. Nesting females will defend their eggs. The hatchling snakes measure around 39 cm from the snout to the base of the tail (snout-vent length).
This species is most similar to the Spotted Python, Antaresia maculosa, which is fawn to brown with numerous dark purplish-brown blotches. Adult Spotted Pythons are much smaller than Carpet Snakes and have 3 scales across the top of the head in a straight line between the eyes.
Carpet pythons are extremely diverse in appearance and seven geographical races or subspecies are recognised:
Morelia spilota spilota - eastern New South Wales and north-eastern Victoria;
M. s. bredli - central Australia;
M. s. mcdowelli - north-eastern New South Wales and eastern Queensland;
M. s. cheynei - Wet Tropics area of north-eastern Queensland;
M. s. metcalfei - Murray/Darling drainage;
M. s. imbricata - southern Western Australia;
M. s. variegata - northern Northern Territory and Western Australia.
Male Carpet Snakes have been observed fighting in spring.
Carpet Python in rafters of toolshed.
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