Insect identifier

Bee or wasp

  • Adult winged
  • Two pairs of wings often hooked together; membranous (transparent)
  • Narrow waist (start to abdomen)
A Blue-banded bee, Amegilla sp. These bees are solitary, meaning each female constructs her own nest, a burrow in the soil. However, they are often communal, with many females digging burrows in the same area. Scolia soror
Blue-banded Bee (Amegilla sp) Flower wasp (Scolia soror)

Ant

  • Adult wingless (usually)
  • Narrow waist; long bent antennae
  • Live in complex nests
Giant Bulldog Ant (Myrmecia brevinoda) Green-head Ant (Rhytidoponera metallica)

Fly or mosquito

One pair of forewings; hind wings reduced to knobs; membranous (transparent)

Longlegged flies Dengue mosquito
Longlegged flies (Austrosciapus connexus) Dengue mosquito (Aedes aegypti)

Butterfly or moth

  • Two pairs of wings; covered in scales
  • Coiled mouthparts
Wanderer Bag-shelter Moth
Wanderer (Danaus plexippus) Bag-shelter Moth (Ochrogaster lunifer)

Cockroach

  • Flat body top to bottom
  • Two pairs of wings (adults may have no wings)
  • Forewings partly hardened; hind wings not
Barred Cockroach American Cockroach
Barred Cockroach (Cosmozosteria sp.) American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana)

Beetle

  • Forewings form hard cover over hind wings
  • Two pairs of wings
Jewel beetle Rhinoceros beetle
Jewel beetle (Thermognatha carpentaria) Rhinoceros beetle (Xylotrupes gideon)

Bug

  • Two pairs of wings
  • Forewings partly hardened
  • Tube mouthparts (for sucking)
Assassin Bug Mallotus Harlequin Bug
Assassin Bug (Mallotus Gminatus wallengreni) Harlequin Bug (Cantao parentum)

Grasshopper or cricket

  • Two pairs of wings
  • Forewings partly hardened
  • Enlarged hind legs for jumping
Hedge Grasshopper King Cricket
Hedge Grasshopper (Valanga irregularis) King Cricket (Penalva sp.)

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