Earwigs are easily identified by the stout pair of pincers at the tip of the abdomen. These are used to capture prey, for defense and also to help fold up the semicircular hindwings under the short, hard wing covers. Some species are predatory, others are herbivorous. They live in concealed places during the day. Earwigs belong to the Order Dermaptera, which has over 90 species in Australia.
Apachyus spp. are large, very flattened earwigs in the small family Apachyidae that has only four species in Australia.
Labidura truncata males have a tooth near the middle of the inner edge of their pincers. This is the commonest of the 15 species of the family Labiduridae in Australia, particularly in sandy habitats.
Elaunon bipartitus have distinctive pale yellow wing covers with a central brown stripe. They are nocturnal, omnivorous and known to feed on mealybugs. Elaunon belongs to the large cosmopolitan family Forficulidae that has only four species in Australia.