Aboriginal people

Aboriginal Australians have enjoyed life in all parts of Australia since the beginning of time when all things were called into being.

Each clan or family group has its own defined country, stories, beliefs, practices and languages, with obligations to care for land, each other and all living things.

Individuals have special obligations to maintain their connection to and care for particular animals, birds, or plants.

Non-Aboriginal estimates put the Aboriginal occupation of Australia at about 40 000 years at least.

Conservative estimates place the Aboriginal population before Invasion and colonisation at about 750 000 people.

Before Invasion people were able to speak a number of Aboriginal languages as communication with neighbours and other groups, for social and economic activities, was a regular part of life.

Men traditionally hunt larger creatures depending on the environment, season and resource availability in their particular country.

Women and children collect smaller animals and harvested fruits, berries and other plants.

If the day's hunting fails to provide the group with a significant catch then the harvested fruits, plants and small animals can always be relied on to provide a tasty and nutritious meal.

Clothing and shelters vary according to climate, need and availability of resources. In old times during very cold seasons possum and kangaroo skin cloaks were made by stitching skins together.

Great care is taken not to use up the resources or food supply of an area. People only take what is needed, making sure there is plenty for next season. Nothing is wasted.